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One of the underlying factors of the Police and IAM methodology is the concept of IPSGA.
The principle is that Advanced Motorists “make progress” whilst ensuring the safety of themselves and those around them.
This does not mean tearing around as fast as you can, but rather maintaining speed limits, where safe to do so.
At the same time, you learn to become more fluid in what you are doing, so becoming more efficient, and reducing wear and tear on your vehicle.

IPSGA is a five phase system of motorbike/vehicle control.

Information: This stretches through the other 4 stages, as it is an on going process.
It can be further broken up into 3 sub-sections (TUG):
Take in all the information about what is going on around you.
Use that information to decide how you are going to approach what you are doing
Give information back, by letting other road users know what you are going to do, for example by indicating.
Make sure you are aware of everything that is going on in front, behind and to the sides, and that should be as far as you can reasonable see, and not just in front of your nose.

Position: Once you are sure that it is safe to do so, position yourself to negotiate the hazard. (A hazard can be anything that causes a driver to change the speed, direction or stop the vehicle they are driving)

Speed: Adjust your speed to that appropriate to negotiate the hazard, taking in to account the road condition, other users, and your visibility around the hazard.
Changes in speed should be made smoothly using the throttle and brakes.

Gear: Once you have reached a suitable speed, select the gear appropriate for the manoeuvre. This can include block changes.
When selecting a gear you should also take into account the road surface.

Accelerate: As you progress through your manoeuvre start to accelerate, with the aim of maintaining stability and progressing onwards.
Again, you should take notice of the road conditions, other hazards, and what is ahead.

These are not rigid rules, but rather a system to follow.
By applying the system you will become more fluid in your approach to hazards.
At the same time, the system is flexible, and you may find yourself going back a few steps and applying again, as the manoeuvre progress, and what happens around you develops.

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